Commonly used Functional Testing

Allergy Panels – IgG- General Foods (96 foods) - Blood Spot

IgG (immunoglobulin G) testing is a useful guide for practitioners to structure an elimination diet for many chronic health conditions. The foods that cause these delayed reactions are often hard to diagnose because of the time between consumption and the physical reaction. Generally, an IgG reaction occurs hours to days after exposure to these food antigens.

The IgG food allergy test offers a useful tool for detecting the foods causing this response. The results are patient specific and provide an easy, precise and effective starting point for dietary manipulation.

When doing an IgG test, it is recommended to eat a large variety of foods in the two weeks prior to testing. Include as many of the foods that are being tested in the specific allergy panel you have chosen. Be aware that if foods are not included in the diet during this time, false negative results may be obtained as recent exposure to these foods may be required for antibodies to be present in the blood.

It is recommended that IgG allergy testing is only performed for infants greater than 18 months of age.

    Common Conditions:

  • Asthma

  • Headaches

  • Eczema

  • Fatigue

  • Irritable Bowel

DNA Fitness Nutrient Panel

Profile of over 75 genetic markers known to impact metabolism, exercise and energy use. For improvement of overall health and wellness through positive lifestyle changes. Personalised diet and exercise plan provided to ensure you are hitting your goals.

he Pathway FIT profile analyzes over 80 genetic markers known to impact metabolism, exercise and energy use within the human body.
Pathway FIT examines specific genetic markers to give you personal insight about how your body processes sugars, fats, vitamins and nutrients. The final laboratory report includes a detailed analysis on how your body responds to exercise based upon your genetics. By providing an individualised road-map of strategies and recommendations, our testing guides you towards optimal health.

The PATHWAYFIT will assist you with information about:

  • Diet

  • Eating Behavior Traits

  • Food Reactions

  • Nutritional Needs

  • Exercise

  • Body and Weight

  • Metabolic Health Factors

From this report you can then:

-Promote Behavioural Changes with Your Personalized Genetic Nutrition and Fitness Profile

-Gain Insight into Your Health and Wellness

-Make Proactive Decisions Regarding Diet, Exercise & Lifestyle

Mental Health DNA Profile Test

Pharmacogenomic profile to indicate a patient’s response to over 50 psychiatric medications indicated for; Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, Epilepsy, Seizures, ADHD, Anxiety, Other Neurological Disorders.

Dried Urine Hormonal Test (D.U.T.C.H)

The advanced dried urine test for hormones is an ideal test for complex hormone patients. This comprehensive assessment is unique for what it can reveal from such a simple collection.

This test will measure and identify: Estrogens (x13), Progestagens (x7), Androgens (x6), Glucocorticoids (x4), free Cortisol (x4), free Cortisone (x4), and Melatonin (x4). The advanced hormone profile is collected off four separate dried urine samples at key time points throughout the same day: 1st morning, 2nd morning, early evening, and bedtime. Urine is collected on filter paper strips either by dipping it in urine collected in a cup, or by urinating directly on the strip.

This test is ideal for a comprehensive overview of a patient’s hormonal status or trying to find the underlying cause of a real complex hormone related issue. Reporting of this profile is practitioner and patient friendly in the sense that it provides detailed explanation and comments based on the test results as well as a symptomatology chart indicated by the patient and how these symptoms reflect the test results.

A comprehensive test for hormonal analysis!

Common Conditions:

  • Anxiety

  • Headaches

  • Poor concentration, ‘brain fog’

  • Energy levels

  • Fatigue, lethargy

  • Salt cravings

  • Mild depression

  • Sexual dysfunction

  • Irregular sleeping patterns

  • Thyroid dysfunction

  • Blood Pressure

  • Impaired Immune System

  • Hot flushes

  • Irregular menstruation

  • Mood changes

  • Brain fog

  • Vaginal dryness

  • Bone loss

  • Dry skin

  • Fatigue

Organic Acids Test (OATs)

The organic acids test is a simple urine test that looks at biomarkers from various metabolic pathways. These biomarkers give an overview of several major systems in the body and an analysis of nutritional deficiencies in the body. The organic acid test is a nutritional test providing insights into the body’s cellular metabolic processes. Organic acids are metabolic intermediates that are produced in pathways of central energy production, detoxification, neurotransmitter breakdown, or intestinal microbial activity. Marked accumulation of specific organic acids detected in urine often signals a metabolic inhibition or block. The metabolic block may be due to a nutrient deficiency, an inherited enzyme deficit, toxic build-up or drug effect.

The Organic Acids metabolic test is the preferred test used in clinical practice as many functional medicine practitioners believe the metabolic panel provides remarkable data about a patient from one simple urine collection kit. This test assess a wide range of cellular and physiological processes including intestinal dysbiosis, energy production, nutrient cofactor requirements and neurotransmitter metabolism. By evaluating organic acid levels and pinpointing the metabolic dysfunctions occurring at the cellular level, a comprehensive, customised treatment strategy can be tailor-made for each individual patient.

This test is the single most comprehensive test in evaluating:
• Citric acid cycle abnormalities
• B-group vitamin utilisation
• Neurotransmitter abnormalities
• CoQ 10 sufficiency
• Amino acid insufficiencies
• GUT Dysbiosis
• Yeast infestation
• Nutritional deficiencies
• Fatty acid metabolism

Common Conditions:

• Fatigue
• Mood changes
• Blood sugar dysregulation
• Weight gain
• Nausea
• Multiple chemical sensitivity
• Bloating, gas and distention
• Joint pain
• Acid reflux
• Autoimmune disorders
• Dermatitis

Adrenal Hormone Profile Level 1, Adrenal Hormone Profile Level 1,2, – Spot Urine

Lifestyle, physical and psychological stresses put constant demands on the adrenal glands. If they get depleted adrenal fatigue or insufficiency may be experienced. Symptoms include fatigue, hypotension, and lowered resistance to stress, salt cravings, hypoglycaemia and lowered immunity. Adrenal insufficiency frequently plays a role in conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome, allergies, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic stress syndrome, anorexia and most diseases for which corticosteroids are involved in the treatment. Assessing cortisol, DHEA and other adrenal hormone levels may help to identify these patients and will assist effective therapy. 

Adrenals & Female Hormone Profile - BLOOD SPOT

Lifestyle, physical and psychological stresses put constant demands on the adrenal glands. If they get depleted adrenal fatigue or insufficiency may be experienced. Symptoms include fatigue, hypotension, and lowered resistance to stress, salt cravings, hypoglycaemia, and lowered immunity. Assessing cortisol, DHEA and other adrenal hormone levels may help to identify these patients and will assist effective therapy.

Hormone imbalances are associated with numerous symptoms and health conditions. Assessing and diagnosing these changes are important to decrease unnecessary suffering and prevent degenerative diseases. Female hormones fluctuate through a menstrual cycle and at various times of a woman’s life. Imbalances in hormones are associated with PMS, menopause and more complex conditions like PCOS and endometriosis.

This test provides a focused overview of the adrenal and female hormones:

Salivary DHEAs and Cortisol, and Estradiol (E2), Progesterone, Testosterone, SHBG, FSH, LH via blood spot 

     Common Conditions:

  • Hot flushes

  • Weight gain

  • Night sweats

  • Depression

  • Irregular menstruation

  • Mood changes

  • Brain fog

  • Vaginal dryness

  • Bone loss

  • Dry skin

  • Fatigue

  • Insomnia

  • Disturbed sleep patterns

  • Low libido

  • Infertility

  • Miscarriage

  • PMS

  • Symptoms of menopause

  • PCOS

CDSA Level 1,2,3,4,4+ Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis- Stool test

The Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis (CDSA) is an advanced non-invasive diagnostic tool for assessing gastrointestinal function. As the CDSA combines a large number of tests that evaluate the function of the gastrointestinal tract, a comprehensive picture of a patients gut health can be obtained. The analysis investigates digestion, metabolism, absorption and metabolic markers, pancreatic function, the balance of beneficial bacteria and the presence of pathological bacteria, yeast and parasites. 

  • Macroscopic & microscopic description

  • Digestive, absorption & metabolic markers

  • Inflammation markers

  • Tumour/Ulcer markers

  • Beneficial & other bacteria

  • Yeasts & sensitivities

  • Parasites (visual detection & chemical EIA detection) & sensitivities

Essential Thyroid Blood Spot

Thyroid abnormalities are one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting millions worldwide. Thyroid hormones are well known for their role in basal metabolic rate, development and growth. Thyroid function testing should be considered in all high risk populations including the ageing population, postpartum women, those with autoimmune disorders, those with a family history of autoimmune thyroid disorders and patients with previous head, neck or thyroid surgery. 

Thyroid hormones are well known for their role in basal metabolic rate; however, they affect development and growth. The thyroid hormones interact with receptors found in the nucleus of every cell of the body and this interaction leads to the turning on and off of many genes and ultimately to the modification of many bodily functions. Therefore, it is understandable that abnormalities in the level of thyroid hormones can lead to a diverse array of symptoms involving the heart, brain, skin and reproductive systems. 

    Common Conditions:

  • Weight gain/weight loss

  • Feeling cold when it’s not

  • Low stamina

  • Irregular bowel movement

  • Dry skin

  • Hair loss

  • Insomnia

  • Menstrual irregularities

  • Low sex drive

  • Infertility

  • Poor memory

  • Dry/brittle hair and nails

  • Depression

  • Osteoporosis

  • Muscle and joint pain

  • High blood pressure

Cardiovascular Blood Spot

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In the past decade CVD has been the cause of over one-third of all premature deaths in Australia. The conventional risk factors for CVD include hypertension, dyslipidaemia, smoking, and diabetes mellitus. However, in a given individual, the presence of only one of these factors has a low positive predictive value. The most advanced strategy for coronary risk assessment is therefore to combine the information of several risk factors; a ‘multi-marker’ approach which enhances risk stratification. 

    Common Conditions:

  • Obesity

  • High blood pressure

  • Family history of high cholesterol

  • Diabetes

  • Heart disease

  • Smoke cigarettes

  • Consume alcohol frequently

  • Unhealthy lifestyle

  • Inactive lifestyle

  • Inflammation

  • Sluggish

  • Slow metabolism

Ph Test 

A pH test measures the acid/alkaline balance of your system using urine and saliva samples. Virtually all degenerative diseases - including cancer, heart disease, arthritis and osteoporosis - are associated with excess acidity in the body. These imbalances can be rectified using diet and herbal medicine. 

SIBO Breath Test

This simple, non–invasive, gastrointestinal test detects bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine, often referred to as BOSI or SIBO. Small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a common gastrointestinal disorder that often underlies chronic gastrointestinal symptoms of maldigestion and malabsorption, including bloating, gas, diarrhea, irregularity, and abdominal pain

Bacterial concentrations in the small intestine are normally kept to a minimum. When excessive, the delicate mucosal lining is disrupted, including the microvilli that facilitate absorption. As a result, bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine (BOSI) can inhibit nutrient absorption and lead to the following serious health problems.

How you can assist once you have a test report for SIBO?
Once bacterial overgrowth has been detected, intervention strategies involving diet, digestive support, probiotics and antimicrobials can be used to treat the condition.
Successful eradication of BOSI has been shown to reduce bloating, gas, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain in patients more effectively than many other treatments for IBS.

Bacterial overgrowth may manifest silently, without overt clinical signs. Patients without clear symptoms of gastrointestinal distress may benefit from testing, especially those with a history of chronic constipation, hypochlorhydria (including use of acid-blocking drugs), or maldigestion.
Common Conditions:

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

  • Unexplained abdominal symptoms

  • Gas and bloating

  • The inability to tolerate sweet or starchy foods, fibre, or friendly flora supplements

GI Effects - Comprehensive

The GI Effects Microbial Ecology Profile is the preferred stool test for the evaluation and identification of bacteria and parasites. It has been enhanced to offer:
– Further insight into gut flora by identifying 24 Commensal Bacteria targets using PCR technology.
– Identification of an unlimited number of parasites using O&P technology, the gold standard for parasite detection in stool testing.

The GI Effects 2200 Comprehensive looks at the overall of the gastro intestinal tract. The intestinal tract contains significant amounts of bacteria which, when imbalanced, scientific literature has associated with a wide variety of common illnesses. Balancing gut microbiota is key for improving core gastrointestinal functions, such as digestion and absorption of nutrients, as well as metabolic functions. Poor digestion and malabsorption may impact immune function, optimum nutritional status, and mood.

Common Conditions:

  • Abdominal pain

  • Fatigue

  • Atopy

  • Food allergy and sensitivities

  • Autism

  • Gastrointestinal cancers

  • Bad breath

  • Headaches

  • Bloating

  • Inflammatory bowel disease

  • Irritable bowel syndrome

  • Brain fog

  • Gut related symptoms

Zinc Testing

Assessing zinc status can be difficult, as most of the body's zinc stores are in the bones. Hair analysis, levels in sweat, blood serum or white blood cells all require considerable (and costly) laboratory work. The Zinc Taste Test provides a quick and reliable clinical test for the assessment of zinc status.

Studies have demonstrated this test to be reliable and reproducible. It provides patients with a simple and inexpensive screening method for determining the need for zinc. By using the oral Zinc Taste Test to determine the need for zinc, and retesting after 30 days of supplementation, one can not only determine zinc requirements, but also monitor the patient to be sure they are properly absorbing their zinc.

Numerous research studies have found that sub-optimal levels of zinc are very common at all ages, especially in the elderly. An Australian study found that 85% of women and 65% of men do not receive the RDA for zinc in their diets.

Evaluation

Responses to tasting 10 mL of the solution are:

Category 1 - No specific taste or other sensation is noticed, even after the solution has been kept in the mouth for about ten seconds.
Category 2 - No immediate taste is noted, but after a few seconds a slight taste variously described as dry-mineral, furry, or sweet develops.
Category 3 - A definite, though not strongly unpleasant taste is noted almost immediately and tends to intensify with time.
Category 4 - A strong and unpleasant taste is noted immediately. Category 1 is the poorest zinc status, while category 4 is optimal. If the taste response is in category 1 or 2, a zinc deficiency is likely. 


Ketostix

For the detection of ketones: Ketostix™ are reagent strips for the detection of ketones in urine. Ketones are generated by the metabolism of fat as an energy source, when carbohydrates are reduced.

Can be used in conjunction with a weight management program: Ketostix™ are a great tool for both Practitioner and patient, to provide motivation and an indication that fat burning is occurring. When a weight management diet is followed correctly, the patient may produce urinary ketones registering in the 'small to moderate' range on the Ketostix™ colour scale. By registering in the 'trace' to 'small' range on the Ketostick (seen as a change in colour from beige to pink); the patient will know they are using fat as an energy source and not using muscle. A fantastic tool for you as a patient to see how you are going alongside physical “fat loss” recordings. 


Urinary Indican Test

The Urinary Indican Test is an accurate, simple and inexpensive screening tool, allowing identification of the putrefaction of protein in the gastrointestinal tract. As we know, the gut is the seat of health – a positive test reflects a state of intestinal bacterial dysbiosis, compromising optimal wellbeing.

How the test works: The test detects the presence of indican in urine; also knowns as indoxyl sulphate, produced when there is putrefaction of tryptophan from dietary protein by dysbiotic bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. A positive test result, therefore, may indicate dysbiosis, SIBO, impaired gut motility and/or malabsorption states, with darker shades indicating more severe dysfunctions.

Adverse microbial pathogens may be caused by and associated with: 

  • Maldigestion of protein

  • Bloating, gas, flatulence

  • Intestinal overgrowth of bad bacteria

  • Intestinal mucosal damage (due to infection, toxic or reactive exposure or nutritional deficiency)

  • Hypochlorhydria

  • Coeliac’s disease

  • Gastric ulcers

  • Pancreatic insufficiency

  • Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative colitis

  • Biliary & intestinal obstruction (gall stones & constipation)

  • Diverticulosis

  • Intestinal infections e. g. Candida, Giardia

  • Diarrhoea

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • High intake of antibiotics

  • Nutritional deficiencies

  • High stress lifestyle, high sugar diet, high caffeine consumption, over eating, eating on the run, high alcohol intake and smoking

  • Auto immune disease

  • Food sensitivities and allergies

  • Imbalances in musculoskeletal, neurological, reproductive, urinary, and cardiovascular systems as well as skin.

A scientifically validated tool: 

There is a large body of evidence that supports the use of urinary indican testing as a beneficial point-of-care screening tool.

  • Dysbiosis: is an overgrowth of unfavorable bacteria, yeasts and/or parasites in the lower digestive system. Most dysbiotic bacteria produce indole from tryptophan, and imbalances in the flora in the large intestine have been proven to be associated with positive urinary indican test results.

  • SIBO: numerous studies have linked small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) to positive indican test results. Dysbiotic bacteria from the large intestine that enter the small intestine can produce indole and generate significant amounts of localised inflammation and gut damage. SIBO can contribute to impaired nutrient absorption, chronic fatigue and immunological dysfunctions.

  • Constipation: can worsen dysbiosis by providing fuel for dysbiotic bacteria thus worsening gut flora imbalances. Additionally, constipation can make urinary indican test results darker, as stagnating fecal matter allows for existing dysbiotic organisms to act on tryptophan for longer, producing more indole.

  • Malabsorption: urinary indican excretion can also be increased in malabsorption states when proteins are poorly digested and absorbed, resulting in excessive tryptophan reaching the lower parts of the small intestine and colon. Even patients with normal intestinal bacterial populations can show increased post-priandial indican excretion when they fail to digest dietary protein.

Patient Preparation

  • Collect your first urine specimen of the morning, mid-stream in the clean specimen container. It is important to use first morning urine as indican levels can reduce throughout the day.

  • Urine sample should be refrigerated until arrival at consultation.

  • A meal with some protein to ensure adequate amounts of tryptophan (required for an accurate test result) should be eaten the night before the sample is taken.

  • Avoid alcohol 24 hrs before taking urine sample may produce a false negative result.

  • Kelp & other supplements high in iodine should be avoided for three days before taking urine sample.

  • Appointments need to be made for this test.

  • Testing and review of results takes approximately 15 mins.


Salivary Hormone Testing

Salivary hormone testing is different to standard blood analysis which assesses total levels only. The salivary tests show how much of your hormones are in your tissues and therefore active in your body and causing the symptoms you may be experiencing.

Anyone experiencing issues such as infertility, PMT, menopause, fatigue, poly cystic ovarian syndrome, fibrocystic breast disease, endometriosis, fibroids, anxiety and depression can benefit from a saliva hormonal assessment.

During the consultation we will decide if this testing is relevant for you and choose the best profile test for you from the following options:

  • Female hormone profile

  • Adrenal stress profile

  • Male hormone profile

  • Sleep profile

  • 28 day female cycle hormone.